Milestones in the HIV epidemic The GA Voice Editors May 27, 2011 Today in Gay Atlanta 1984 • Virus isolated by Luc Montagnier of the Pasteur Institute and Robert Gallo of the National Cancer Institute determined to be cause of AIDS; later named the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). 1985 • First International AIDS Conference held in Atlanta.• Rock Hudson announces he has AIDS.• Ryan White, 14, is barred from attending public school in Indiana because of being HIV-positive. 1986 • President Ronald Reagan uses the word “AIDS” in public for the first time. 1987 • ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) starts.• Zidovudine (AZT) is approved to fight AIDS itself.• U.S. adds HIV as a “dangerous contagious disease” to its immigration exclusion list.• Pianist Liberace dies of AIDS. 1988 • U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop launches the first coordinated HIV campaign by mailing 107 million copies of “Understanding AIDS” to all American households. 1989 • Choreographer Alvin Ailey dies of AIDS.• Gay artist Robert Mapplethorpe dies of AIDS. 1990 • Ryan White dies from AIDS at age 18. The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act of 1990 is approved.• President George W. Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act, which in part prohibits discrimination against people with HIV.• Artist Keith Haring dies of AIDS.• Fashion designer Halston dies of AIDS. 1991 • NBA superstar Magic Johnson announces that he has HIV and will retire from basketball.• Red ribbon introduced as AIDS symbol.• Freddie Mercury, lead singer of the rock band Queen, dies of AIDS. 1992 • AIDS becomes number one cause of death for U.S. men ages 25 to 44.• Tennis star Arthur Ashe announces he has AIDS.• “Brady Bunch” star Robert Reed dies of AIDS. 1993 • Arthur Ashe dies from AIDS. • President Clinton establishes White House Office of National AIDS Policy. 1994 • Elizabeth Glaser, co-founder of the Pediatric AIDS Foundation, dies of AIDS.• Pedro Zamora, a HIV-positive gay man, appears on the cast of MTVs popular show, “The Real World.” Zamora dies later this year at age 22.• Randy Shilts, author of “And the Band Played On,” dies of AIDS at age 42. 1995 • First protease inhibitor, saquinavir, approved in record time by the U.S. FDA, ushering in new era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).• Olympic Gold Medal diver Greg Louganis announces he has HIV.• Rap star Eazy-E (Eric Wright) dies of AIDS. 1996 • At 11th AIDS Conference in Vancouver, new protease inhibitors and combination therapies bring new optimism.• The number of new AIDS cases diagnosed in the U.S. declines for first time in history of epidemic 1997 • AIDS-related deaths in the U.S. decline by more than 40 percent compared to the prior year, largely due to HAART. 1998 • U.S Department of Health & Human Services issues first national guidelines for the use of antiretroviral therapy in adults. 1999 • Study finds that numbers of new HIV infections are rising among young gay men. 2000 • CDC reports that, among men who have sex with men in the U.S., African-American and Latino cases exceed those among whites. 2001 • United Nations General Assembly convenes first ever special session on AIDS. 2002 • HIV is leading cause of death worldwide, among those aged 15-59. 2003 • President Bush announces PEPFAR, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. 2004 • Leaders of the Group of Eight (G8) nations call for creation of “Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise.” 2005 • The World Health Organization, UNAIDS, the United States government and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria announce results of joint efforts to increase the availability of antiretroviral drugs in developing countries. 2006 • CDC recommends routine HIV screening for all adults ages 13-64 2007 • Since 1981, more than 565,000 people have died of AIDS in the U.S., the CDC reports 2008 • CDC releases new HIV estimates of 56,300 new infections per year, versus 40,000 previously cited. The increase is attributed to new ways of measuring new infections. 2009 • President Obama announces his administration will remove final regulatory barriers to lift the HIV travel and immigration ban. 2010 • Key studies show that microbicides can help reduce HIV infections among women, and that taking HIV medications may help keep HIV-negative gay men from contracting the virus.• Obama Administration releases the first comprehensive National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States. Sources: AIDS.gov, Kaiser Family Foundation (www.kff.org), AIDS Education Global Information System (www.aegis.com), staff reports SHARE ON Leave a Reply Cancel Reply Your email address will not be published. Name* Email* Website 5 + = thirteen Comment Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email.