"2018.01.06 Out for Pete II with Martin O'Malley and Danica Roem, Washington, DC USA 2-11" by tedeytan is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0.

Election Night 2023: LGBTQ Candidates Scorecard

Off-year elections are typically dull –with no presidential, Congressional, or other big spotlight races on the ballot. But Tuesday night’s off-year election results had many moments for LGBTQ people to celebrate.

Much of that success came in Virginia where Danica Roem, a transgender member of the House of Delegates, won election to a State Senate seat from northern Virginia. Roem was up against a Republican opponent endorsed by Republican Governor Glenn Youngkin. by about three points, becoming only the second transgender woman in the U.S. to be elected to a state senate. (Sarah McBride was the first, winning her state senate seat in Delaware in 2020.)

“You attack trans kids in my district at your own political peril,” said Roem in an interview with The Hill newspaper.

Bisexual African American state delegate candidate Joshua Cole was the dramatic 51st Democrat late Tuesday night, when his victory gave Democrats the one seat majority they need to keep control of the Virginia House of Delegates. Polls and commentators had widely suggested Republicans might take control of the House and Senate, giving Youngkin the rubber stamp he needed to push an agenda restricting abortion, banning LGBTQ-related books, and allowing parent groups to take control of public school curricula.

All seven LGBTQ candidates for the Virginia House of Delegates won their seats Tuesday night, and only two of those seven were incumbents.

Gay & Lesbian Victory Fund President Annise Parker praised Roem, noting that Roem faced “an unprecedented deluge of anti-trans hate on the campaign trail.”

“Her win tonight will make national headlines and serve as a deafening rebuke to bigots who continue to try and silence the LGBTQ+ community and trans people in particular.”

Roem will join openly gay State Senator Adam Ebbin, who has served in the Virginia Senate for 11 years, after serving eight years in the House. Ebbin won re-election handily, 78 percent to 22 percent.

In Mississippi, openly gay candidate Fabian Nelson won his primary in August and was unopposed Tuesday for the state House of Representatives. Nelson becomes the first openly LGBTQ state legislator in Mississippi history.

And in Miami Beach, which includes the popular LGBTQ destination South Beach, openly gay Michael Gongora has won the right to face another top contender in a runoff to become mayor of Miami Beach. Gongora has been serving on the Miami Beach City Commission. The runoff will take place November 21.

Portland, Maine, openly gay mayoral candidate Andrew Zarro appeared Tuesday night to have forced the race’s leading candidate into a ranked choice tabulation of the votes. Zarro has been serving on the Portland City Council. Results are not expected before Wednesday morning.

Overall, openly LGBTQ candidates won 12 out of 14 statewide races and seven of 12 mayoral races (with an additional two races going to runoff and one race (Cromwell, Connecticut) not yet called. Out of at least 141 LGBTQ candidates running for various local seats in 21 states, data so far indicates 73 won, 14 lost, 3 advance to a run-off, and 51 races are yet to be determined.

Other important elections

Mainstream media outlets had identified a few races they considered especially interesting in the off-year voting. One of the biggest focuses was the Virginia legislature, where it appeared Republicans might take control of both chambers and give the Republican governor a rubber stamp for abortion restrictions, book bans, and parental control of school curricula. But that didn’t happen. Instead, Democrats held onto control of both chambers.

There were two gubernatorial races Tuesday night, races that many commentators thought might gauge support for former Republican President Donald Trump. One of the biggest of those contests was in Kentucky, where the Republican challenger to incumbent Democrat Andy Beshear, had the support of Trump and U.S. Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell. Governor Beshear has not been shy about expressing support for transgender people and, this year, he vetoed a bill that sought to deny gender-affirming medical care for transgender youth. In 2020, he was the first sitting Kentucky governor to attend an LGBTQ rally at the capitol.

In Mississippi, it appeared incumbent Republican Governor Tate Reeves would survive a fierce challenge from Democrat Brandon Presley. Reeves has taken a highly visible position against transgender females participating in girls sports. He also tried to make transgender athletes and transition surgery issues by claiming, apparently without evidence, that the Democrat, Presley, did support those issues. Presley’s position was actually somewhat guarded: He said he trusts parents to make the best decision for their children about gender-affirming and other medical care.

Ohio voters overturn ban on abortions

Only one state had an abortion measure on its ballot November 7: Ohio. Issue 1, or the “Right to Make Reproductive Decisions Including Abortion Initiative,” sought to amend the state constitution to ensure that individuals had the right to make reproductive decisions –including abortion, fertility treatment, and contraception— for themselves.

Last year, seven states passed ballot measures that upheld the right to choose abortion. Next year, during the presidential election, 13 states will have similar measures are on the ballot.