The Georgia Senate passed a hybrid so-called “religious freedom” bill Friday along party lines 38 to 14 after three hours of lively debate, leaving Georgia companies bracing for a possible boycott on the scale of what happened when Indiana passed a “religous freedom” bill last year. The bill now goes to the House for final approval. House Bill 757, Rep. Kevin Tanner’s (R-Dawsonville) “Pastor Protection Act,” had been considered one of the least discriminatory of all the “religious freedom” bills currently under consideration—that is until a Senate Rules Committee hearing on Tuesday.

During that hearing, the bill was amended to include the anti-gay guts of the much more controversial First Amendment Defense Act. Sen. Greg Kirk’s (R-Americus) bill would allow faith-based organizations that receive tax dollars to refuse services to same-sex couples. Local and national LGBT groups including Georgia Unites Against Discrimination, SOJOURN, Freedom For All Americans, Human Rights Campaign and GLAAD all criticized the move in the following days.

State Sen. Vincent Fort criticized the engrossment of the bill. (File photo)

State Sen. Vincent Fort criticized the engrossment of the bill. (File photo)

A motion was made in the Friday morning session to engross the bill, i.e. allow the bill to pass without any amendments, leading to objections from several senators including Sen. Vincent Fort (D-Atlanta), Sen. David Lucas (D-Macon) and Sen. Nan Orrock (D-Atlanta).

“There is great irony in debating bringing a bill on religious freedom to the floor at the same time we’re taking away the freedom of 56 people to debate a bill,” Sen. Fort said. “If this is a good bill, if this is a bill that you think the people of the state of Georgia support, why don’t you debate it and discuss it?”

Fort had three amendments he planned on proposing, including a non-discrimination clause that would protect local LGBT non-discrimination ordinances, an amendment that would not allow groups that receive public funds to discriminate and an amendment that would require groups that discriminate under the bill to post that fact both online and in their annual reports along with how much public money they receive.

Sen. Kirk spoke out in favor of engrossment, claiming that by doing so they weren’t closing off debate, just not allowing amendments. The motion to engross passed 36-19.

Three hours of debate color afternoon session

The Senate reconvened after a recess for lunch, when Kirk attempted to refute criticism of the bill, claiming that corporations will still be able to enforce their non-discrimination policies and that it does not discriminate against the LGBT community.

“It only impacts the government’s interactions with faith-based organizations and individuals,” he said. “We as a state are full of hospitality and we have room for all people. This legislation is about equal protection and not discrimination.”

Of the criticism from LGBT activists, Kirk claimed, “This bill protects the constitutional rights of individuals and faith-based organizations in Georgia. This bill takes nothing away from  same-sex couples and the LGBT community.”

Kirk’s claims were met with immediate reaction from LGBT activists and constitutional scholars.

There was a bizarre exchange between Kirk and Sen. Emanuel Jones when Jones pointed out that the Ku Klux Klan could be a considered a faith-based group and therefore would receive protections under the bill. Kirk referenced what appeared to be a nod to the Black Panther Party by singer Beyoncé during halftime of the Super Bowl, and compared the Black Panthers to the KKK. Kirk later took the floor again after media outlets picked up on his comment, saying he doesn’t condone the criminal behavior of organizations like the KKK.

Sen. Elena Parent (D-Atlanta) took to the well and went through a laundry list of concerns about the bill, saying it does discriminate against the LGBT community, it only respects the opinions of those who believe marriage should be between a man and a woman and it violates the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution.

State Sen. Elena Parent was involved a lively exchange with two Republican senators. (Screenshot)

State Sen. Elena Parent was involved a lively exchange with two Republican senators. (Screenshot)

“FADA sanctions discrimination against single mothers, unwed couples, interfaith couples, and interracial couples,” Parent said. Referencing the overreach of the bill, she added, “One could refuse to marry two short people if their view is a sincerely held belief.”

Sen. Josh McKoon (R-Columbus), whose own “religious freedom” bill has stalled in the House Judiciary Committee, and Sen. Charlie Bethel (R-Dalton) both hit back at Parent’s claims in one of the more lively back-and-forths of the session.

“Freedom of religion is a dearly held American value,” Parent responded. “But we cannot favor one viewpoint over another.”

Sen. Orrock then spoke out against the bill, criticizing the swift way the bill made it to the Senate floor for a full vote with no amendments allowed, saying, “Disabuse yourselves of any notion that this has been vetted and that the input has been made and has been weighted and considered. ”

But she saved the majority of her comments to talk about the economic hit the state could take if the bill is passed, citing the uproar over passage of a “religious freedom” bill in Indiana last year. Orrock also noted a series of the business community’s objections to such bills in Georgia, saying, “Important parts of our state economy are begging and pleading not to pass this bill.”

Orrock grew more animated as she talked about the LGBT community, saying, “Untold numbers of gay, lesbian and transgender people are holding their breath in fear that we will pass this legislation. It says to them you’re vulnerable, you’re on your own. And this is after hundreds of years of discrimination. We’re moving toward fully acknowledging the concept that LGBT people are persons under the law with all the full protections of the law, it’s called equal protection under the law.”

State Sen. Nan Orrock holds up a letter signed by hundreds of faith leaders against bills like the First Amendment Defense Act. (Screenshot)

State Sen. Nan Orrock holds up a letter signed by hundreds of faith leaders against bills like the First Amendment Defense Act. (Screenshot)

Orrock called the bill “open season” on LGBT people and compared a vote for it to how Southern states fought back against the U.S. Supreme Court ruling Brown vs. the Board of Education, which integrated schools in the early 1950s.

“I would ask us to search our souls and do the right thing. Be able to tell your grandchildren that you didn’t vote for state-sanctioned discrimination,” Orrock said. Sen. Fort seconded Orrock’s comments on the economic hit, saying that Georgia would face “a hurricane of boycotts” if HB 757 passed.

Sen. Gloria Butler (D-Stone Mountain) later talked about the discrimination she’s faced as an African-American and cited the cases of Robin Shahar and Vandy Beth Glenn. Shahar had a job offer rescinded by the attorney general’s office after it was discovered she is a lesbian. Then-Attorney General Mike Bowers claimed that Shahar’s sexual orientation would prevent her from enforcing the state’s sodomy law. Shahar sued Bowers but lost. Glenn was fired from her job as a legislative editor in the Georgia General Assembly after she informed her employer she planned to transition from male to female. She won her lawsuit.

“These are real people who experienced real discrimination in and by the state of Georgia,” Butler said. “No one in Georgia should have to spend years fighting for basic equality under the law. Every single person should be born with equal rights and equal protections,” then wrapping up her time in the well by saying, “Religious freedom is not in danger and should not be used as a shield for state-sanctioned discrimination.”

Sen. Steve Henson (D-Tucker) criticized the handling of FADA when it was a standalone bill, citing the numerous times that hearings were canceled and rescheduled.

Senate Majority Leader Bill Cowsert (R-Athens) downplayed what happened when FADA and PPA were combined on Tuesday, saying the Senate Rules Committee simply “Expanded the protections to extend from clergy to faith-based organizations and individuals,” which went just about as well as you would think it would with LGBT activists.

Sen. Kirk wrapped up the debate by saying that those who believe in marriage equality should have tolerance for those that don’t, and that HB 757 ensures there would be no discrimination for any Georgian for their views on marriage.

The vote came a day after a poll was released showing that two-thirds of Georgia residents support LGBT non-discrimination laws in employment, housing and public accommodations and only one-third support businesses being able to deny services to LGBT people based on their religious beliefs.

LGBT groups immediately started calling on people to contact their representatives in the House:

And threats of a boycott followed as well.

Michael Smith, spokesperson for the Georgia Democratic Party, issued a statement following the vote:

“Senate Republicans manipulated the rules to sidestep public input. They know that a majority of Georgians do not believe in discrimination and exclusion. Those aren’t our values. That’s not who we are.

“If this piece of legislation is signed in to law, millions of hard-earned tax dollars will be spent to get the radical right’s paw prints out of the henhouse. This bill is not only an attack on the dignity of LGBTQ families, but an attack on all families and an attack on our state’s reputation. This bill is bad business and nothing more than a vulgar political stunt wielded by politicians who want to erase the progress we’ve made as a country.

“Democrats will continue to fight these types of disingenuous attacks on Georgia families, and will continue to fight for a more just and equal state.”

As did Freedom For All Americans:

“Georgia lawmakers supporting this legislation are making a grave error that damages their state’s brand. Today’s Senate vote is noticeably out of step with the overwhelming majority of Georgians who disagree with this type of discriminatory legislation,” said Matt McTighe, Freedom for All Americans executive director. “We urge lawmakers in the House to reject this dangerous bill. This legislation sends a clear message to the nation that Georgia views LGBT people, single mothers, interfaith and interracial couples and a host of others as unworthy of equal treatment under the law. This is a dangerous path for lawmakers to go down.”

And the Human Rights Campaign, who included comments from Georgia Equality executive director Jeff Graham:

“H.B. 757 is a shameful and irresponsible bill that would create broad loopholes and put LGBT Georgians in real danger of discrimination,” said HRC President Chad Griffin. “The freedom to practice one’s religion is a core American value, and that’s exactly why it’s protected under the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. That’s why it’s so disingenuous to claim H.B. 757 is anything other than an attempt to license discrimination. House leadership should listen to the business and religious community leaders who have opposed this bill because of what it truly is: an unacceptable attack on LGBT people, single parents and unmarried couples.”

“It’s outrageous that Senate leaders have not adhered to the standard practice of vetting legislation through traditional committee hearings with appropriate notice and public debate. Instead they have resorted to legislative shenanigans such as canceling hearings, moving hearing times throughout the day and using arcane legislative rules to limit debate and restrict democratic principles,” said Jeff Graham, Executive Director of Georgia Equality. “It’s clear that Senate leadership knows their actions will hurt families and Georgia’s economy. They are hoping that their legislative shell-game will divert attention from their true intent, which is to pander to religious extremists in an effort to win votes in the upcoming primary elections.”


The final vote. (Screenshot)

9 Responses

    • Winston

      No doubt Georgia Legislators forgot what happened to Indiana when they tried to push this nonsense. They obviously have NO CLUE what economic BACKLASH this is going to cause. They postponed this crap, afraid to touch it while Indiana was taking the heat. Months later do these idiots think things have changed or the country forgot about this? Then again, these right wing bigoted extremist probably care more about discriminating against gays than the ECONOMIC WELFARE of their citizens. How about a nice BOYCOTT? Post this at GA FB pages to give them a taste of what’s coming.

  1. Daniel

    Put the politicians on trial for genocide since the legislation permits pharmacies and ambulance services (which are most often run by third party companies and not by hospitals) to turn away customers from life-saving services such as getting medicine and get emergency care by EMTs.

  2. ZaCloud

    I just don’t get it. What religion tells you to discriminate against others? Certainly not Christianity, which has over 200 passages telling you to love one another, which very much trumps the 1 or 2 mistranslated suppositions that people pretend speak against gays. And at no point do gay people walking into your business force you to do anything against your religion.

    Jesus served food to criminals, hung out with prostitutes, stopped people who were just obeying the Old Testament by trying to stone an adulterous woman to death. He would DEFINITELY serve gays, without question. And Christians are supposed to be like Christ. It’s right in the name.

    You people… You make me ashamed to be a Christian.

  3. Alice

    I guess I’ll state the obvious here. If we’re separating church and state, and calling ourselves a democracy, why would we allow tax dollars to be given to any organization that discriminates against any American. If a religious institution receives government money, the services they provide should be available twang American. If the religious institution is privately funded, it’s their call who they want to provide services to in some cases. But separation of church and state shouldn’t be a gray area.

  4. Robert A. Dewitt

    Oh ye fools, do you not get it by now, your state or any other state legislature does not give a shit about your opinions, their minds are made up already and it is full of hatred and discrimination all based on a make believe god and his supposed writings, or should i say fairy tales.
    Do you not realise that the only solution to these issues is a court battle.
    The main issue here is the words in the First Amendment Freedom To Exercise,what is the true meaning, is it like the religious people believe and that is it gives them individule rights which include the right to discriminate.
    Or like people like me believe and that is it only gives you the right to worship your God, worship where you please and belong to any church or religion, or not believe in any thing or any God, without government interferance and in no way gives you any personal rights. Until and only until this issue is settled you will continue to lose and the LGBT discrimination will continue and believe me it will get worse so till you get your crap togeather and wise up then good luck you will need it.

  5. Renee Bazile

    How I wish every human on the planet had equal rights. It is not even possible for ” our great democracy” to do this n our own country. Is this the kind of ” freedom ” we strive to to obtan for the places in which we invade? We rail against theocracies, spending trillions to do so and yet, there are those who would like to make Cristianity the “law of the land” and are attempting to do so by Insisting that the U.S was founded as a Christian country and even further pollute the waters claiming the constitution is based upon the ten commandants.

  6. Jessica

    So, liberals are saying it’s okay to force someone to do something they don’t believe is right? Because I’m seeing this bill as if a preacher doesn’t want to marry a gay couple, they don’t have to and now they have a law stating that they won’t lose their whole life over being sued for their beliefs. And a lot of you people are freaking out. I mean, yeah, gay marriage is legal now. That’s cool. And that shouldn’t be taken away from people. But should we take the rights of religious people away to accommodate another group of people? Hell no. Should Christians go around shouting gays are going to hell and other slurs? NO. But let’s face it, that doesn’t actually happen. I mean, there may be a few cases but I actually know of a lot of gay/bi people who have never been attacked for it and I live in Ga. Deep south Ga. I’m a Christian, too…

    • Eric

      The proverbial preacher in your example is already protected by the first amendment; unless he’s receiving our tax dollars to perform marriages, then he would be forced to comply. My understanding of this bill is that it would allow religious organizations that receive our tax money to discriminate against people based on their beliefs. Imagine a Christian-run ambulance service that would deny emergency services to people whose beliefs don’t align with their Christian values, even though the ambulance service is funded with tax dollars; are you telling me that I’m not allowed to use a service that I paid for? Organizations lose a little bit of their autonomy when they accept government money, and that’s a choice they have to make. No, this bill doesn’t protect your preacher; it adds an unneeded loophole for hateful people and organizations to exploit.


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